In the present work, the effect of welding procedure on weldability of conventional high manganese steel compared with the recent developed ladle treated one. This research aims at disclosing the microstructure, hardness, impact toughness and tensile strength of the welded joints. The optical micrograph of the conventional high manganese steel welded joint without cooling between passes shows that the heat affected zone (HAZ) has a high density of carbides formed at the grain boundaries. However, cooling between passes using compressed air resulted in a decrease in the density of carbides formed at the grain boundaries of the HAZ. In the ladle treatment samples, the microstructure shows an increase the density of the eutectic phase of the HAZ as a result of welding without cooling. On the other hand, application of cooling using compressed air between passes results in a low density of the eutectic phase in the HAZ.

Application of cooling between deposited passes resulted in a significant improvement of the impact toughness of weldment in both conventional and ladle treated samples of high manganese steel. The result obtained by SEM observation shows the reduction of both carbides at the grain boundaries in HAZ of conventional high manganese steel and the eutectic phase in HAZ of ladle treated one.

Due to rising raw material prices, the fullest possible recycling of metals is becoming increasingly important. For example, non-ferrous metals are pelleted for reprocessing before they are further processed.

COPT Center offers the stage for Leybold’s video shooting for its newest vacuum product

Cooperation between Universities and industrial enterprises are much more common in other countries, such as Great Britain and the United States. In Germany, cooperation is mostly restricted to the technology level and the subsequent transfer of basic research knowledge gained at the universities to the mass production opportunities of industry.

Results used to generate material cards for optimised simulation models

Before materials can be used for a particular application, their behaviour has to be analysed under different mechanical and climatic conditions. The results from static, dynamic and thermochemical tests form the basis for comprehensive material characterisations which are key to successful product development. As a leading provider of development services, ARRK Engineering has therefore established an in-house materials laboratory close to its headquarters in Munich. This enables car manufacturers, machine and plant engineering companies and also the aerospace industry to obtain all-round support from the ARRK Engineering specialists in this field. Moreover, the company plans to use the information from the tests to generate material cards with a view to optimising the simulation models for structural and crash calculations.

news in steel

RRP – REYHER Rapid Prototyping supports component optimization

High costs during assembly, operations and maintenance can be avoided by optimization in the design phase, for joining technology too. The new 3D printing service RRP – REYHER Rapid Prototyping supports companies improving component design, reducing development costs and shortening time-to-market.

HYBRIT orders Norwegian electrolyzers for fossil free steel production in Luleå

Hybrit Development, a joint venture between SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall, has ordered a hydrogen generation electrolyzer solution from Nel Hydrogen to the pilot plant in Luleå, Sweden.

Tibnor’s acquisition of Sanistål’s steel distribution business completed

SSAB’s subsidiary Tibnor has now comleted the acquisition of the steel distribution business of the Danish company Sanistål A/S, Denmark’s second largest steel distributor.


When exploring the opportunity to expand its presence in new regional markets in the Midwest and Southeast of the USA, Nucor immediately understood the benefits of the MI.DA. technology and ultimately chose Danieli to supply the complete technological equipment package for two MI.DA. plants, in Sedalia (Missouri) and Frostproof (Florida).